Anurak Thailand Tourism The tourist website about Thailand by Thaiways magazine, the most comprehensive guide to Thailand.
Contents : Hotels, Bangkok, Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Hua Hin, Krabi, Pattaya, Phang-nga, Phuket, Samui, Maps
  Cover story : 25 Sep 05 / Vol. 22 No. 12
  Exploring traces of the earliest
  Siamese civilization through

   Si Satchanalai
                   Historical Park

                                       By Blue Lotus

esignated as World Heritage Site Number 574 on 12 December 1991 by UNESCO, the ancient city of Sukhothai, along with its former vassal towns of Si Satchanalai and Kamphaeng Phet, is considered the cradle of Thai civilization.

To appreciate the once flourishing civilization, Thaiways would like to present the remains of this first kingdom of Siam, which include masterpieces of the earliest Thai architecture, sculptures, and other art objects. After introducing the historical park of Sukhothai in the previous issue, we are going to present the historical park of one of its important vassal towns, Si Satchanalai in this issue. The other, Kamphaeng Phet, will be dealt with in the ensuing issue.

A part of the ruined laterite elephant buttresses in
Wat Chang Lom

Si Satchanalai Historical Park is located on the bank of the Yom River at Tambon Muang Kao, Si Satchanalai county, only 55 km. from the town of Sukhothai. The ancient town, formerly call "Muang Chaliang", was named "Si Satchanalai" during the Phra Ruang Dynasty when a new administrative centre was established to replace Chaliang. This ancient town occupied more than 320 hectares (800 acres) of land. Of this, the 91-hectare (288 acres) area within the old laterite ramparts and the city moat is the focus of sightseeing in the historical park and can be covered on a day trip from Sukhothai.

According to early stone inscriptions, local legends, and historic chronicles, Si Satchanalai was exclusively governed by the crown prince of the Sukhothai Kingdom. Phaya Li Thai (1347-1369 AD), known as a great ruler and scholar, was also the crown prince ruling Si Satchanalai before ascending the throne at Sukhothai.

Wat Khok Singkharam,
another monastery outside the town wall

There is evidence indicating that he wrote a book called "Trai Phum Phra Ruang," the book of life and former lives according to Buddhist concepts, while he ruled Si Satchanalai. During his reign, many temples were built and restored.

A stucco decorated Buddha image
in the nak-prok (naga covering)
position, reflecting the influence of
South Indian art style.

After King Li Thai passed away (around 1370-1371 AD), the Sukhothai Kingdom fell under the rule of the Suwannaphum Dynasty of Ayutthaya.

Sangkhalok wares

Si Satchanalai, called Sawankhalok by Ayutthaya, still maintained its status as an important town, governed only by a member of the former Sukhothai Royal Family. However, when King Borom Trailokanat (1448-1488 AD)governed Ayutthaya, the status of Si Satchanalai changed to that of secondary outpost.

Si Satchanalai, or Sawankhalok, was an important producer of glazed ceramics called Sangkhalok wares which were exported throughout Asian countries. Si Satchanalai's riverside site was crucial to the development of its ceramic industry.
Located at Ban Ko Noi, about 5 km. north of the historical park is the Celadon Kiln Site Study and Conservation Centre which contains a display of kilns, artifacts and excavated ceramics. Over 500 kilns have been excavated so far in the area of Sawankhalok town and there is evidence of the ceramics being shipped to as far as China, Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines and Indonesia. The Centre is open daily during 09.00-12.00 and 13.00-16.00 hours.

Among the remains of the 19 monuments inside the city wall, highlights are the first three monuments from the entrance, Wat Chang Lom, Wat Chedi Chet Thaew and Wat Nang Phaya.

Wat Chang Lom

Wat Chang Lom, the compound to the right of the entrance is distinctly Sri Langkan in style, with a characteristic stupa and 39 laterite elephant buttresses. The elephants at Wat Chang Lom are quite different from those found at other temples.

They represent standing elephants and are taller than life-size ones. Some scholars believe it was the temple mentioned in the Stone Inscription No. 1 as the place where Pho Khun Ramkhamhaeng had Buddha relics unearthed in order to pay homage to them before reburying them and building a chedi with a boundary wall over the relics in the middle of Si Satchanalai town.

Various art styles of chedis in
Wat Chedi Chet Thaew

at Chedi Chet Thaew is located opposite Wat Chang Lom to the south. The most important constructions at this temple are the main chedi with lotus bud-shaped top and 33 subordinate chedis believed to contain the remains of the royal family. The chedis are adorned with Buddha images and other stucco decorative images reflecting various art styles, including Sri Langkan, Pagan and Srivijaya.

Decorative stucco in Wat Nang Phaya

Wat Nang Phaya, southeast to Wat Chedi Chet Thaew, is known for the exterior of the vihara made of laterite blocks, which was decorated with highly elaborate stucco, in the art style of the early Ayutthaya period. The main chedi in the Sri Langkan style, another focus of this temple, is supported by a high base, once decorated with sculptures of elephants similar to those at Wat Chang Lom.

Wat Phra Si Rattana Mahathat Chaliang

Besides these monuments within the city wall, there are many sites that are worth visiting. One of those located to the southeast of Si Satchanalai town is Wat Phra Si Rattana Mahathat Chaliang. This large historic temple complex is one of the most impressive sites in the area. The decorative stucco bearing the Bayon art style of ancient Khmer found at the main entrance of the temple as well as archeological evidence excavated here points out clearly that this temple was originally founded before the Sukhothai period. Its main shrine was built from blocks of laterites which were later covered with lime plaster and red paint. Its architectural characteristics as seen in the present indicate that it could date back to the Ayutthaya period though some evidence suggests that the shrine might have been built to cover an earlier structure.

Si Satchanalai Historical Park is open daily from 08.00-17.00 hours and admission is 40 Baht. Bicycles are provided for rent at 30 Baht a day, and elephant rides around the park are available at 100 Baht per person per 30 minutes. Tram service is also available in the historical park.

For the correct pronunciation of romanized Thai words, see
Romanization System of the Thai Language.

One of Some Best Buys

Thaiways : Bangkok, Thailand / Ear & Hearing Aids Center
Ear and Hearing Aids Center
Eye, Ear, Nose, Throat and Allergy Clinic
Operated by Manut Utoomprurkporn, M.D.
Board of Otolaryngology
, Hearing Specialist

Sukhumvit 22 Branch: Ear and Hearing Aids Center
20 Sukhumvit 22, Opposite Imperial Queen's Park Hotel, Bangkok 10110
Tel. +66 (0) 2258 2348, 0 2259 2502   Mobile. +66 (0)8 9116 4060   Fax.+66 (0) 2663 4058

e-mail :  website :

Ekkamai Branch: Ear and Hearing Aids Center
2/29 1st Floor Bangkok Mediplex Building, Room 1-06, Opposite Starbucks,
Sukhumvit 42, Bangkok 10110.   Tel. +66 (0) 2712 1177, 0 2713 6231-2

Ideo Condo Lad Phrao 5 Branch
1st Floor, Ideo Condo, Lad Phrao 5, Bangkok
Tel. +66 (0) 2190 1172-3   Fax. +66 (0) 0 2190 1173

Bangwa - Bangpai Branch
145/4 - 6 Richy Tower (near Phet Kaserm 21), Phet Kaserm Road, Bangkok
Tel : 0 2869 1169, 09 5252 1512

Phuket Branch: Eartone Ear and Hearing Aids Center in Phuket International Hospital
44 Chalermprakiat Ror 9 Road, Phuket 83000.   Tel. +66 (0) 7624 9400

We are the exclusive dealer for Phonak and Beltone.

CIC only 699 USD/ear per one ear for basic model
Our prices on average about 50% lower than abroad (some models).
Ready for use in 6 hrs.
Conventional In-the-canal Hearing Aid
Phonak's Savia
Head Office Location

Sukhumvit Rd.,Soi 22, Opposite Imperial Queen's Park Hotel, Bangkok.

Map For taxi : คลินิก หู คอ จมูก และเครื่องช่วยฟัง สุขุมวิท 22 ตรงข้ามโรงแรมอิมพีเรียลควีนสปาร์ค


New Phonak Savia,
digital CIC
completely hide in the ear canal and absolutely invisible

Eartone is an ear and hearing aids center, which is a leading importer, manufacturer and distributor of hearing health care equipment especially hearing aids in Thailand. It has been established for about ten years.

One of our major customers, Sirinthorn Rehabilitation Center, ordered more than 5,000 sets of our hearing aids to donate to hearing loss people through about 70 hospitals all over the country.

Our main products include Custom-made Hearing Aids, Hearing Test and Swimming Mould. We are also well-experienced in providing Completely-hide-in-the-canal aids ( CIC ) for patients through hospitals and hearing aids centers. Besides we supply accessories and repairing services related to all types of hearing aids.

Each year we are able to produce more than thousand sets of custom made hearing aids (ITC, MINI CANAL, CIC) for hospitals and individuals.

Our Services
  • Hearing Test
  • Hearing Aid Fitting
  • Repairing Hearing Aids
    • Swimming Mould
    • Ear Mould
    • Batteries and Accessories
    Our Products

    Savia Remote Control

    Savia can be operated with three different remote controls – the WatchPilot2, the SoundPilot2, and the new miniature KeyPilot2. Discreet and convenient user control including binaural synchronization.

    Savia 11 CIC/MC
    CIC with battery size 10A
    Savia 11 CIC/MC RC
    CIC with battery size 10A and remote control
    Savia 22 ITC/HS
    Canal/half shell
    with battery size 312
    Savia 22 ITC/HS dSZ
    Canal/half shell
    with battery size 312 and digital SurroundZoom
    Savia 33 FS
    Full shell
    with battery size 13
    Savia 33 FS dSZ
    Full shell
    with battery size 13 and digital SurroundZoom
    microSavia 100 dSZ
    Micro BTE
    with battery size 312 and digital SurroundZoom
    Savia 111 dSZ
    Miniature BTE
    with battery size 13 and digital SurroundZoom
    Savia 211 dSZ
    Miniature BTE
    with battery size 13 and digital SurroundZoom
    Savia 311 dSZ Forte
    Power BTE
    with battery size 13 and digital SurroundZoom

    Beltone Products are developed using only the latest hearing technology and are designed to fit just about any lifestyle and hearing loss.

    Shell Styles
    The outer shell is the first of the two main parts of a hearing instrument and it makes up the overall look.

    Inner Circuitry
    The inner circuitry is the second of the two main parts of a hearing aid and it determines the type

    Custom Hearing Instruments , also available both analog and digital circuits.
    Completely-In-the-Canal (CIC)
    Completely-In-the-Canal (CIC) hearing instrument fits deeply into the ear canal and, most cases, is virtually invisible. It is appropriate for patients seeking an inconspicuous hearing instrument with the latest hearing instrument technology.

    Price : USD 699 ( 2 Channel Digital )
    Mini Canal (MC)
    Mini-Canal (MC) hearing instrument is one of the smallest custom-made instruments. It affords a pleasing cosmetic appearance with the advantage of volume control that is not available on the CIC.

    Price : USD 699 ( 2 Channel Digital )
    In-The-Canal (ITC)
    In-The-Canal (ITC) hearing instrument is a popular choice for those needing more amplification or power from a small hearing instrument.

    Price : USD 699 ( 2 Channel Digital )
    Half Shell
    Half Shell is slightly larger than the ITC. This hearing instrument is cosmetically pleasing and fits a wide variety of hearing losses and patient needs.

    Price : USD 699 ( 2 Channel Digital )
    Low Profile
    Low Profile is a streamlined version of the Full Shell. This cosmetically pleasing model fits a wide variety of hearing losses and patient needs.
    Price : USD 699 ( 2 Channel Digital )
    Full Shell
    Full Shell is our strongest In-The-Ear (ITE) hearing instrument. This model is cosmetically pleasing and fits a wide variety of hearing losses and patient needs.

    Price : USD 699 ( 2 Channel Digital )

    Home | Thailand | Bangkok | Chiangmai | Chiangrai | Huahin | Krabi | Pattaya | Phang Nga | Phuket | Samui
    Thailand map | Bangkok maps | BTS & MRT map | Chiangmai map | Chiangrai map | Huahin map | Pranburi map
    Pattaya map | Jomtien map | Phuket maps | Patong map | Samui maps
    Medical Services | Thai Spa | Thai Cultures | Thai Products | Dining in Thailand | Thai Foods | Thai Fruits | Thai Desserts
    About Thaiways | How to get Thaiways | Advertising rates | Contact Thaiways

    © Since 2002 Thaiways. All rights reserved.
    designed by












    first page | contents | about Thaiways | how to get Thaiways | advertising rates | contact Thaiways

    © since 2002 Thaiways. All rights reserved.
    All figures in the website are subject to change without notice.
    Thaiways Magazine not responsible for contents on external websites.