& the Royal Chapel
|The Grand Palace with its Royal
Chapel (i.e., the Temple of the Emerald Buddha or Wat Phra Kaeo) is
the place most frequented by foreigners. It was built after King Rama
I ascended the throne as the founder of the Chakri Dynasty on 6 April
1782. He moved the capital from the west to the east side of the Chao
A full view of the
the Emerald Buddha
the King ordered the construction of a permanent palace together with
a royal chapel to house the Emerald Buddha, which the King himself
had recovered from Vientiane during the reign of King Taksin.
The Grand Palace and the Temple of the Emerald Buddha, occupying an
area of 152 rai (i,e., 243,200 sq m or 60 acres) and surrounded by
walls with battlements, have subsequently undergone many changes.
|Old buildings were pulled down
and new ones added. Only the middle part, where are situated the four
groups of palace buildings named, from west to east, the Dusit Maha
Prasat, the Chakri Maha Prasat, the Maha Monthian and the Boromaphiman
Hall, will be described here.
One of the important buildings here is the convocation hall, called
Ubosot inThai, where the Emerald Buddha, the most revered
statue of Thailand, is enshrined on a high altar.
To the north of the convocation hall there is a higher terrace on
which three important monuments, viz. the Royal Pantheon, the Mondop
and Phra Si Rattana Chedi line up from east to west.
in the temple grounds are numerous interesting sculptures of artistic
value, including the fanciful animals in mythology on the terrace,
the fierce-looking giants standing guard at the gates, the six pairs
of Cambodian-style bronze lions in the front and at the back of
the convocation hall, the stone figures from China, and the rows
of colourful carved monkeys and demons placed along the bases of
the pagodas as if to bear the weight of the structures.
Chakri Maha Prasat
|Now let us go round the galleries
which are the inside walls of the surrounding corridors, to admire
the mural paintings which depict the story of Rama according to King
Rama I's version of Ramakian (which was adapted from the
Indian epic the Ramayana). There is a total of 178 connecting
scenes starting from the right side of the northern gate facing the
Mondop and going clockwise.
Going to the palace compound through the southern gate of the temple,
you will see the four groups of buildings mentioned above. The one
at your left is the Boromaphiman Hall, which was
built by King Rama V for Crown Prince Vajiravudh as his residence.
The next two kings also resided here. However, His Majesty the present
King Bhumibol, moved to the suburban Chitralada Palace. The Boromaphiman
Hall is now used to accommodate guests of the King and is inaccessible
to the public.
Of the three other groups of palaces, the middle one, the Chakri
Maha Prasat, was erected by King Rama
V as his own residence. The 3-storey building is a mixture of Thai
and Western architecture. The top covering is pure Thai with tapering
spires and tiered sloping roofs, and the lower parts, designed by
a British architect, are in the Imperial Victorian style. Only the
ground floor is used now, the two wings for state banquets and the
middle throne-hall for receiving foreign envoys on the occasions of
the presentation of their credentials.
The other two, the Dusit Maha Prasat and the Maha Monthian,
were among the earliest edifices constructed at the founding of Bangkok
as capital. They are in the traditional Thai style modelled on the
palaces in Ayutthaya. The Dusit Group at the western end was formerly
used partly as an audience hall and partly as living quarters. The
Maha Monthian to the east of the Chakri Group consists of three main
adjoining buildings. They are, from the inside, the Audience Hall
of Amarin where ceremonies of the court usually take place, the Phaisan
Hall where the coronation of a monarch is held, and the Chakkraphat
Phiman which was the residence of the first three Chakri kings and
in which the later kings spent at least one night after the coronation.
Due to the limited space, the elaboration of the Grand Palace and
the temple of the Emerald Buddha will end here. Nevertheless the impression
you get from this visiting will never end.