Chiang Mai is located between latitude 17° N
and 21° N with Myanmar as its northern neighbour.
It is bordered by Lamphun and Tak on the south, Chiang
Rai, Lampang and Lamphun on the east and Mae Hong Son
on the west. Situated at about 300 m. above sea level,
it is 696 km. away from Bangkok by road and about one
hour by air.
With a total area of 20,107 sq. km., Chiang Mai is the
second largest province of Thailand.
There are three seasons in a year -- the rainy season
from June to October, the hot season from March to May,
and the cool season from November to February. Generally,
Chiang Mai is cool and pleasant for the most parts of
the year. The coolest months are December and January.
The temperature throughout the year varies between 14°
- 30° C, while the yearly average temperature is
About 69% of the area of Chiang Mai consists of
mountains covered with forests. Mostly located in the
north, these mountains form the sources of several rivers
and streams which provide the water necessary to Chiang
Mai's agriculture. The largest and most important river
is the Ping, flowing along for 540 km. from north to
south. The highest mountain peak is Doi Inthanon, at
2,575 m. above sea level.
The provincial administration of Chiang Mai has jurisdiction
over 22 counties (amphoes) as follows: Muang, Chiang
Dao, Doi Saket, Fang, Hot, Mae Chaem, Mae Taeng, Phrao,
San Kamphaeng, San Sai, Wiang Haeng, Chom Thong, Doi
Tao, Hang Dong, Mae Ai, Mae Rim, Omkoi, Samoeng, San
Pa Tong, Saraphi, Chai Prakan and Mae Wang.
Standard Thai is used as the official language, but
the northern dialect is more widely spoken among the
local people. English is understood in business circles
and tourist areas.
The most important products are silk, silverware, woodcarvings,
lacquerware, ceramics, tobacco and fruits.
Internet cafes are ubiquitous and hotels often have wi-fi for guests.